What is a Cognitive Impairment?

AccessAbility Services What is a Cognitive Impairment?

Toolkit for Staff Home | Inclusive Teaching Strategies| Appropriate Language | Reasonable Adjustments | Disclosure and Confidentiality | Legislation | University Support Services| FAQ’s | A – Z Index|

Students with a Cognitive Impairment - A Guide for Staff


A cognitive impairment is a broad term used to describe impaired brain function.


Did you know?  A thimble full of damaged brain due to stroke can cause cognitive impairment

Cognitive impairment can be a result of a variety of different injuries and/or medical conditions that can be present at birth or acquired later in life. The severity of a cognitive impairment can range from mild to severe.

The most common causes of cognitive impairment include:

  • Acquired Brain Injury (ABI)

  • Stroke

  • Injury/illness

  • Accidents

  • Viruses

  • Alcohol/drug abuse

  • Congenital conditions

  • Dementia

<Previous / Next>

What is a Cognitive Impairment? | Impacts on Study | Communication Strategies | Teaching and Assessment Strategies | AccessAbility Services Support | Additional Resources | Acknowledgements|