What is a Hearing Impairment?

AccessAbility Services What is a Hearing Impairment?

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Students with a Hearing Impairment - A Guide for Staff


A hearing impairment is a partial or full decrease in the ability to detect or understand sounds. The severity of hearing impairments can range from mild to severe.


Hearing impairments can be a result of a variety of different injuries and/or medical conditions that can be present at birth or acquired later in life. Some of the common causes of hearing impairment include:

  • genetic

  • disease or illness

  • medications

  • long-term exposure to environmental noise

  • physical trauma

  • aging

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