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Call Ambulance (Internal Ext: 0000)
Call Campus Security to notify of an incident. (Townsville: 5555 /Cairns: 222)
If trained in first aid, provide appropriate assistance OR
If not trained in first aid:
stay calm and remain with the person
protect the student from injury – remove any hard objects that are near the student
time the seizure, if possible
ask if another person is trained in first aid
wait for emergency services to arrive
If the student is in a wheelchair:
leave the student seated as long as they are secure and safely strapped in
support their head
follow STEP 3
apply first aid, unless qualified
put anything in the person’s mouth or between their teeth
restrain the person unless they are in danger
give pills, food or drink
A seizure is a sudden disruption to normal brain activity, which causes unusual movements, odd feelings or changed behaviour
The cause, type and treatment of seizures vary from person to person
Although many people who witness a seizure fear that the person may be harmed by the event, the risk of brain damage or death from a seizure is minimal
There are several types of generalised seizures:
Tonic Clonic Seizure – the muscles suddenly stiffen and the person may fall. Rhythmic jerking follows. The person may bite their tongue or become incontinent. They are often confused afterwards.
Absence Seizure – The person will go ‘blank’ for a brief time during which they may stare and their eyelids may flicker. These seizures are often not noticed by other people.
Tonic – the body stiffens and the person may fall, sometimes causing injury. Recovery is usually quick.
Atonic – a sudden loss of muscle tone causes the person to fall, sometimes causing injury. Recovery is usually rapid.
Myoclonic – abrupt and brief jerking of one or more limbs.
There are two types of partial seizures:
Simple Partial – the person remains conscious but they may have unusual sensations or movements.
Complex partial – the seizure may begin with an odd taste or smell, a rising feeling in the stomach or a sense of déjà vu. This may be followed by a loss of awareness during which the person may make movements such as chewing or tapping. The person is often confused after the seizure.
Adapted from Better Health