Food security is one of the most important grand-challenges of modern times. Aquaculture is poised to address this challenge through supplying a significant proportion of humanities future protein and caloric requirements. Aquaculture is an applied science drawing knowledge from biology, chemistry, engineering and technology disciplines. Aquaculture Science and Technology explores both the scientific and practical applications of breeding, rearing and harvesting of plants and animals in all types of water environments. Aquaculture involves the sustainable production of aquatic organisms or products of fish, crustaceans, molluscs, echinoderms, and aquatic plants, for food, organic materials, bio-remediation, natural population re-stocking, and aquarium trade.