JCU Connect Tools and Forms Research Classification Codes

Research Classification Codes

The University is required to report to Government on all research activity undertaken at JCU. In most case, the reporting needs to be made in terms of the Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification (ANZSRC) codes.

The ANZSRC is comprised of three classifications developed for research.

Type of Activity (ToA)

Classifies R&D activity according to the type of research effort:

  • Pure basic research – experimental and theoretical work undertaken to acquire new knowledge without looking for long term benefits other than the advancement of knowledge.
  • Strategic basic research – experimental and theoretical work undertaken to acquire knew knowledge directed into specified broad areas in the expectation of practical discoveries.
  • Applied research – original work undertaken primarily to acquire new knowledge with a specific application in view.
  • Experimental development – systematic work, using existing knowledge, which is directed to producing new materials, products, devices, policies, behaviours or outputs; to installing new processes, systems and services; or to improving substantially those already produced or installed.

Where possible, a research project or research program should be allocated to a single type of activity. If the project or program is large and involves multiple types of activity, then each relevant activity category should be attributed percentage relative to proportion of the project’s or research program’s total R&D expenditure.

For example:  90% strategic basic research; 10% applied research

Field of Research (FoR)

The ANZSRC Fields of Research codes are used to classify R&D activity according to the research undertaken. In this respect, it is the nature of the R&D itself that is being categorised, rather than the purpose of the R&D or the activity of the performing unit.

The categories in the classification include recognised academic disciplines and related major sub-fields taught at universities or tertiary institutions, major fields of research investigated by national research institutions and organisations, as well as emerging areas of study. While this classification includes specialised fields of national interest, it generally reflects the overall structure of disciplinary fields.

FoR codes are required for both research grants and publications. At least one FoR code (and up to a maximum of three) 6-digit classifications are need: A research funding approval form cannot be processed by the JCU Connect Grants team, and account numbers cannot be issued without research codes; Each research publication needs FoR codes to be supplied by researchers before records can be processed by the ResearchOnline team.

Socio-Economic Objectives - SEO

The socio-economic objective classification allows R&D activity in Australia and New Zealand to be categorised according to the intended purpose or outcome of the research, rather than the processes or techniques used in order to achieve this objective.

The purpose categories include processes, products, health, education and other social and environmental aspects in Australia and New Zealand that R&D activity aims to improve.

It is usually the general answer to “Why are you researching it?”

James Cook University is a leader in research addressing the critical challenges facing the tropics, world-wide. A defining feature of JCU is its tropical location and its research excellence in disciplines of particular relevance to the tropics.

As outlined in the University's statement of strategic intent, we are committed to providing shape and direction to our research by alignment to four major themes:

  • Tropical Ecosystems and Environment
  • Industries and Economies in the Tropics
  • Peoples and Societies in the Tropics
  • Tropical Health, Medicine and Biosecurity

Keywords are easily searchable and can be used to group research projects and researchers (especially for ad hoc capability queries). They can also be used (in conjunction with research codes) as another angle of view to create a more detailed picture of the directions in which JCU’s research activities are heading.


Although there is no limit to the number of keywords you can associate with an application, project or publication, a maximum of 6 is suggested.

If one of the keywords is the name of a species, please also include the (Latin) family name of the species.