Conditions of making copyright material available

The Copyright Act 1968 allows copyright material to be communicated in LearnJCU via Reserve Online for educational purposes under the Part VA and VB statutory licenses.

The four conditions you must abide by are:

1. Limit the amount communicated

There are limits on the types and amounts of material that can be communicated in LearnJCU via Reserve Online.

  • Textual Material (e.g. books, journal articles, sheet music, plays etc.)

    • 10% of the total number of pages or one chapter whichever is greatest. You can have more than 10% if the work is not commercially available within a reasonable time at a reasonable price, e.g. out of print or unpublished

    • One journal article from a journal issue or two or more if they are on the same topic

    • If the work is a published edition (i.e. a work in the public domain where the copyright has expired (e.g. a play by Shakespeare), you may copy it in full.

  • Images

    • You can use an image from an electronic source, such as a website, or from a print source, such as a book so long as it is not separately available for purchase.

  • Websites

    • It is recommended that you link to a website. If you must reproduce material from a website, check the terms and conditions to see what you are permitted to do. If there are no terms and conditions, how much you can use will depend on the type material, e.g. images or text. Videos from YouTube may be embedded directly into LearnJCU using the Mashups tool.

  • Films (including TV programs, documentaries, news programs etc.)

    • You cannot make a commercial DVD of a film available via Reserve Online without written permission. .You can only use material that has been broadcast on TV.

  • Sound Recordings (including interviews etc.)

    • You cannot make a commercial CD of a sound recording available via Reserve Online without written permission. You can only use material that has been broadcast on radio.

  • Recorded Music

    • There are limited provisions to stream commercial CDs on LearnJCU under the music license. See can also use recorded music from radio broadcasts.

  • Podcasts

    • You can make podcasts of TV and radio broadcasts available on LearnJCU, if the country of origin is a signatory to the Rome Convention. If not, or if the podcast is a web exclusive, you may link to it instead.
      If you record your own lectures and wish to make them available on LearnJCU, you should be aware of a number of privacy implications that apply.

For full details see: Copyright – for Lecturers

2. Cite all material used

You should cite all material with a full bibliographic citation. Citations should include the author, title, publication date and source of the item, e.g. book, journal, website etc. You can use any bibliographic style that you wish.

3. Include a copyright warning notice

You must include a copyright warning notice on material. Placing copyright materials in Reserve Online automatically generates the appropriate notice that students must acknowledge before viewing the material.

4. Restrict access

Access to any copyright material communicated under the statutory licenses must be restricted to students, therefore any subject material should only be made available in LearnJCU via a link from Reserve Online. If you include third party copyright material on your LearnJCU subject or community site, you cannot make your LearnJCU site open for guest access. If you invite any external users to be part of your subject, you must ensure that they cannot access any copyright material

For further assistance please contact the JCU Copyright Officer at