LearnJCU Test Question Types

A range of question types can be used in Tests, Surveys and Pools in LearnJCU. Question types fall into two main categories: Automatically and Manually graded.

Automatically graded questions:
These questions have defined answers and can be scored (graded) automatically. A test containing only automatically graded questions can be instantly marked and the result shown to students upon completion of the test. Scores are automatically recorded in the Grade Centre (Staff) and in My Grades (Students).

Manually graded questions:These questions have undefined answers (eg. Essays) and must be scored (graded) by the lecturer. Once a score has been awarded for an answer, the score (grade) will appear in the Grade Centre (Staff) and in My Grades (Students). Until a manually graded question has been marked, a green exclamation icon will appear for test in the Grade Centre. This also applies to a test that contains a mix of automatically and manually graded questions.

Partial Credit:
All manually-graded questions can be assigned partial credit and the following automatically-graded questions allow it: Calculated Formula, Fill in Multiple Blanks, Jumbled Sentence, Matching, Multiple Answer, Multiple Choice, Opinion Scale/Likert, Ordering, Quiz Bowl.

Find out more about how partial credit is calculated

Automatically graded question types




Multiple Choice

One answer must be selected from a number of possible answers.

Show me

If you Allow Partial Credit (under Options), you can specify the Partial Credit % that each incorrect answer is worth.

Question: Which of the following is not a common format for academic writing?
a. report
b. essay
c. patent
d. proposal
Answer: c

Multiple Answer

One or more answers must be selected from a number of possible answers.

Show me

This is a Multiple Choice that can have any number of correct Answer choices per Question.

When you enter Answers, you may specify any number of them as correct. To get full marks, a student must select all correct Answers. Any Partial Credit is calculated automatically.

Note that if you select none of the Answers as correct, you will have to grade this question manually.

Question: Which of the following are usually required when referencing a source?
a. year of publication
b. title of work
c. number of words
d. author's name
e. abstract
Answer: a, b, d

Fill in the Blank

Requires the student to provide a precise text answer.

Show me

In the Question Text, the blank can be indicated in any way you like: the Question will display exactly as you type it in. Variables in square brackets are not used with this Question Type. Note that the Question doesn't actually require a 'blank': you can simply enter a Question such as "What is JCU's Web address?"

As with Fill in Multiple Blanks, a student's Answer will only be correct if it exactly matches one of the Answers you provide.

Question: It is important to ___ the sources you have used in your essay.

Answer: cite or reference or acknowledge

Fill in Multiple Blanks

Requires the student to fill in one or more blanks to complete a sentence (Cloze).

Show me

You must indicate each blank with a Variable, and provide the possible Answers for each blank. A student's Answer for each blank will be correct if it matches any of these Answers exactly (though capitalisation doesn't matter).

This is an expanded version of the Fill in the Blank Question Type.

Question: The act of using another's work without properly [blank_1] it is called [blank_2] and is regarded as academic dishonesty.
blank_1: referencing or acknowledging
blank_2: plagiarism


Items in one column must be linked to items in another column.

Show me

The left and right columns for matching are known as Question Items and Answer Items respectively.

Note that there do not have to be the same number of items in each column.

Note also that not every Answer Item has to be used in a correct Answer: for example, you could have a Question where all items in the left-hand column should be matched to the first item in the right-hand column.

Question: Match the organisations in the left-hand column with the internet domain they would most likely be found in.

A. Big Jim’s Burgers

i. .org

B. James Cook University

ii. .com

C. Townsville City Council

iii. .edu

D. The Noob Association

iv. .gov

E. The Online Noob Co

A. ii
B. iii
C. iv
D. i
E. ii


A number of items must be arranged in the correct order.

Show me


Question: Arrange the following elements of a report in the order in which they should appear:
1. Recommendations
2. References
3. Introduction
4. Conclusion
5. Body
6. Executive Summary
Answer: 6, 3, 5, 4, 1, 2


A choice between 'True' and 'False' as the answer.

Show me


Question: All information found on Wikipedia is reliable.
Answer: False.


A choice between two answers.

You can choose a Label for the two Answer choices that best suits the Question (e.g. Yes/No, Agree/Disagree).

This is a slightly expanded version of the True/False Question Type.

Question: Should an essay always contain an introduction and conclusion?
Answer: Yes

Jumbled Sentence

One or more blanks must be filled by selecting from a number of possible Answers.

Show me

This is like a multiple choice version of Fill in Multiple Blanks.

The Number of Answers is the number of different Answer choices there are to pick from. This same list will be available to choose from for each blank. On the second screen, under Correct Answers, you must specify which of these Answers is correct for each blank.

Question: The four stages of team development, in order, are [blank_1], [blank_2], [blank_3] and [blank_4].
Options: storming, performing, hitting things, norming, leaving, forming
Answer: forming, storming, norming, performing

Quiz Bowl

Requires an answer in the form of a question.

Show me

To receive full marks, a student's Answer must include at least one Interrogative (e.g. Who, Where, When) and one Answer Phrase, from the lists you provide. Partial Credit can be granted for the inclusion of an Answer Phrase only.

Note that although the Interrogative list is designed to consist of words such as Who and Where, there is no actual restriction on what you can include in this list. The same is true of the Answer Phrases.

Question: Advance Australia Fair.
Interrogatives: What
Answer Phrases: national anthem
(Example: "What is the title of the Australian national anthem?")

Opinion Scale/Likert

One answer must be selected from a number of possible answers. By default, there are six possible answers, corresponding to the Likert Scale, commonly used in surveys: Strongly Agree, Agree, Neither Agree nor Disagree, Disagree, Strongly Disagree, and Not Applicable.

Show me

This is simply a Multiple Choice with text pre-entered in the Answer fields.

Note that if used in a Test, you must specify a Correct Answer. For simply gauging opinions, it is usually better to use this Question Type in a Survey. However, if you want to include it in a Test, but not have it count towards the Test's Grade, simply give the Question a Point Value of 0.

Question: Indicate your opinion of the statement, "Cheating is bad and you shouldn't do it."
Answer: Strongly agree

Hot Spot

Requires the student to mark a particular point on an image by clicking on it.

Show me

Under the Upload Image section, you must attach an image file that will be used as the basis for the 'hot spot'.

Upload an image using the browse for local filebutton. The image will display when you click the nextbutton. Click and drag on the image (from top-left to bottom-right) to define a rectangular 'hot spot': the area within which a student must mark the image to be deemed correct. The Top Left Coordinates and Bottom Right Coordinates display the precise location of the top left and bottom right corners of the hot spot rectangle: these coordinates are in the format "x, y", where x is the number of pixels from the left edge of the image, and y is the number of pixels from the top edge of the image.

If you wish to clear the hot spot and define a new one, you must click the Clearbutton before clicking and dragging on the image again.

Question: Indicate the location of Townsville on the map below




Calculated Numeric

Requires a specific numeric answer.

Show me

Optional: You can specify an Answer Range +/- to give students leeway: Answers that differ from the Correct Answer by less than the Answer Range will be marked correct.

Question: 5 + 3
Answer: 8

Calculated Formula

Generates a number of different questions that conform to a common formula.

Show me

In the Question Text, you must include one or more variables that LearnJCU will replace with random numbers when generating the Question.

These variables should consist of a single letter (e.g. [x]), but not [e], which is reserved.

You must also provide the answer formula, which will be used to calculate each answer: this must contain all the variables from the Question Text (not in square brackets).

Other options include specifying the minimum and maximum value of the randomly generated Variables, and the number of answer sets (Question variants) that should be generated.

You can also specify Units Required, meaning that the student must supply a units designator (such as cm) as well as a number. If selected, you must specify this designator and indicate what percentage of the total question score it will be worth.

Note that each student will still receive only a single question. The existence of more than one question variant simply means that students will not all receive the same Question.

Question: [x] + [y]
Formula: x + y
Generated Questions:
1 + 4
3 + 5
6 + 2
Generated Answers:

Manually graded question types





Requires a textual response.

Show me

Optional: You can enter a sample answer into the text field provided.

Question: In approximately 500 words, discuss three theories of interpersonal communication.

(Possible) Answer: The study of communication came to the fore with the theory of ...

Short Answer

Requires a textual response.

Show me

You can set the number of rows that will display in the answer field. This does not actually limit the length of answers, but can be used to indicate the suggested length of an answer.

This is like an Essay question with a limited display area for the answer.

Question: List three points to remember when note taking.

(Possible) Answer: Identify main points, identify supporting details, recognise examples.

File Response

Requires the student to upload a file as the answer.


Question: In 1000 words or less, provide a reflective essay on your field placement experience this study period. Upload as a .doc or .rtf file.
(Possible) Answer: