Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification

The Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification (ANZSRC) is a set of codes, developed by the Australian Bureau of Statistics, for the classification of research and development undertaken in Australia and New Zealand. The ANZSRC was last updated in 2008.

The ANZSRC is a compendium of three classifications developed specifically for the compilation of standardised research & development statistics. It comprises classifications for 1) type of activity, 2) field of research and 3) socio-economic objective.

Type of Activity (ToA)

The Type of Activity classification allows R&D activity to be categorised according to the type of research effort, namely, pure basic research, strategic basic research, applied research and experimental development.

Fields Of Research (FoR)

The FoR allows R&D activity to be categorised according to the methodology used in the R&D, rather than the activity (ToA) of the unit performing the R&D or the purpose (SEO) of the R&D. It is usually the general answer to “What are you researching?”

The categories in the classification include major fields and related sub-fields of research and emerging areas of study investigated by businesses, universities, tertiary institutions, national research institutions and other organisations.

Socio-economic Objective (SEO)

The SEO classification allows R&D activity in Australia and New Zealand to be categorised according to the intended purpose or outcome of the research, rather than the processes or techniques used in order to achieve this objective.

The purpose categories include processes, products, health, education and other social and environmental aspects in Australia and New Zealand that R&D activity aims to improve

It is usually the general answer to “Why are you researching it?”