Socio-economic Objective (SEO)

ANZSRC 2008 - Socio-Economic Objectives

The socio-economic objective classification allows R&D activity in Australia and New Zealand to be categorised according to the intended purpose or outcome of the research, rather than the processes or techniques used in order to achieve this objective.

The purpose categories include processes, products, health, education and other social and environmental aspects in Australia and New Zealand that R&D activity aims to improve.

It is usually the general answer to “Why are you researching it?”

81  DEFENCE

810101Air Force
810102Army
810103Command, Control and Communications
810104Emerging Defence Technologies
810105Intelligence
810106Logistics
810107National Security
810108Navy
810109Personnel
810199Defence not elsewhere classified

82  PLANT PRODUCTION AND PLANT PRIMARY PRODUCTS

8201Forestry
820101Hardwood Plantations
820102Harvesting and Transport of Forest Products
820103Integration of Farm and Forestry
820104Native Forests
820105Softwood Plantations
820199Forestry not elsewhere classified
8202Horticultural Crops
820201Almonds
820202Berry Fruit (excl. Kiwifruit)
820203Citrus Fruit
820204Hops
820205Kiwifruit
820206Macadamias
820207Mushrooms and Truffles
820208Olives
820209Ornamentals, Natives, Flowers and Nursery Plants
820210Pome Fruit, Pip Fruit
820211Stone Fruit
820212Table Grapes
820213Tree Nuts (excl. Almonds and Macadamias)
820214Tropical Fruit
820215Vegetables
820299Horticultural Crops not elsewhere classified
8203Industrial Crops
820301Cotton
820302Essential Oil Crops (e.g. Tea Tree, Eucalyptus, Lavender, Peppermint, Boronia, Sandalwood)
820303Plant Extract Crops (e.g. Pyrethrum, Jojoba)
820304Sugar
820305Tobacco
820306Wine Grapes
820399Industrial Crops not elsewhere classified
8204Summer Grains and Oilseeds
820401Maize
820402Rice
820403Safflower Seed
820404Sorghum
820405Soybeans
820499Summer Grains and Oilseeds not elsewhere classified
8205Winter Grains and Oilseeds
820501Barley
820502Canola
820503Grain Legumes
820504Linseed
820505Lupins
820506Oats
820507Wheat
820599Winter Grains and Oilseeds not elsewhere classified
8206Harvesting and Packing of Plant Products
820601Cotton Lint and Cotton Seed
820602Fresh Fruits and Vegetables (Post Harvest)
820603Sugar Cane (Cut for Crushing)
820604Tobacco Leaf
820605Unprocessed Grains
820606Unprocessed Industrial Crops (excl. Sugar, Tobacco and Cotton)
820607Unprocessed Oilseeds
820699Harvesting and Packing of Plant Products not elsewhere classified
8298Environmentally Sustainable Plant Production
829801Management of Gaseous Waste from Plant Production (excl. Greenhouse Gases)
829802Management of Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Plant Production
829803Management of Liquid Waste from Plant Production (excl. Water)
829804Management of Solid Waste from Plant Production
829805Management of Water Consumption by Plant Production
829899Environmentally Sustainable Plant Production not elsewhere classified
8299Other Plant Production and Plant Primary Products
829901Forest Product Traceability and Quality Assurance
829902Plant Product Traceability and Quality Assurance (excl. Forest Products)
829999Plant Production and Plant Primary Products not elsewhere classified

83  ANIMAL PRODUCTION AND ANIMAL PRIMARY PRODUCTS

8301Fisheries - Aquaculture
830101Aquaculture Crustaceans (excl. Rock Lobster and Prawns)
830102Aquaculture Fin Fish (excl. Tuna)
830103Aquaculture Molluscs (excl. Oysters)
830104Aquaculture Oysters
830105Aquaculture Prawns
830106Aquaculture Rock Lobster
830107Aquaculture Tuna
830199Fisheries - Aquaculture not elsewhere classified
8302Fisheries - Wild Caught
830201Fisheries – Recreational
830202Wild Caught Crustaceans (excl. Rock Lobster and Prawns)
830203Wild Caught Edible Molluscs
830204Wild Caught Fin Fish (excl. Tuna)
830205Wild Caught Prawns
830206Wild Caught Rock Lobster
830207Wild Caught Tuna
830299Fisheries- Wild Caught not elsewhere classified
8303Livestock Raising
830301Beef Cattle
830302Dairy Cattle
830303Deer
830304Goats
830305Game Livestock (e.g. Kangaroos, Wallabies, Camels, Buffaloes, Possums)
830306Horses
830307Minor Livestock (e.g. Alpacas, Ostriches, Crocodiles, Farmed Rabbits)
830308Pigs
830309Poultry
830310Sheep - Meat
830311Sheep - Wool
830399Livestock Raising not elsewhere classified
8304Pasture, Browse and Fodder Crops
830401Browse Crops
830402Lucerne
830403Native and Residual Pastures
830404Non-Cereal Crops for Hay
830405Non-Cereal Crops for Silage/Green Feed
830406Sown Pastures (excl. Lucerne)
830499Pasture, Browse and Fodder Crops not elsewhere classified
8305Primary Animal Products
830501Eggs
830502Honey
830503Live Animals
830504Pearls
830505Raw Wool
830506Unprocessed or Minimally Processed Fish
830507Unprocessed or Minimally Processed Milk
830599Primary Animal Products not elsewhere classified
8398Environmentally Sustainable Animal Production
839801Management of Gaseous Waste from Animal Production (excl. Greenhouse Gases)
839802Management of Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Animal Production
839803Management of Liquid Waste from Animal Production (excl. Water)
839804Management of Solid Waste from Animal Production
839805Management of Water Consumption by Animal Production
839899Environmentally Sustainable Animal Production not elsewhere classified
8399Other Animal Production and Animal Primary Products
839901Animal Welfare
839902Fish Product Traceability and Quality Assurance
839903Livestock Product Traceability and Quality Assurance
839999Animal Production and Animal Primary Products not elsewhere classified

84  MINERAL RESOURCES (excl. Energy Resources)

8401Mineral Exploration
840101Aluminium Ore Exploration
840102Copper Ore Exploration
840103Diamond Exploration
840104Iron Ore Exploration
840105Precious (Noble) Metal Ore Exploration
840106Stone and Clay Exploration
840107Titanium Minerals, Zircon, and Rare Earth Metal Ore (e.g. Monazite) Exploration
840108Zinc Ore Exploration
840199Mineral Exploration not elsewhere classified
8402Primary Mining and Extraction Processes of Mineral Resources
840201Mining and Extraction of Aluminium Ores
840202Mining and Extraction of Copper Ores
840203Mining and Extraction of Diamonds
840204Mining and Extraction of Iron Ores
840205Mining and Extraction of Precious (Noble) Metal Ores
840206Mining and Extraction of Stone and Clay
840207Mining and Extraction of Titanium Minerals, Zircon, and Rare Earth Metal Ores (e.g. Monazite)
840208Mining and Extraction of Zinc Ores
840299Primary Mining and Extraction of Mineral Resources not elsewhere classified
8403First Stage Treatment of Ores and Minerals
840301Alumina Production
840302Beneficiation of Bauxite and Aluminium Ores (excl. Alumina Production)
840303Beneficiation or Dressing of Iron Ores
840304Beneficiation or Dressing of Non-Metallic Minerals (incl. Diamonds)
840305Concentrating Processes of Base Metal Ores (excl. Aluminium and Iron Ores)
840306Production of Unrefined Precious Metal Ingots and Concentrates
840399First Stage Treatment of Ores and Minerals not elsewhere classified
8498Environmentally Sustainable Mineral Resource Activities
849801Management of Gaseous Waste from Mineral Resource Activities (excl. Greenhouse Gases)
849802Management of Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Mineral Resource Activities
849803Management of Liquid Waste from Mineral Resource Activities (excl. Water)
849804Management of Solid Waste from Mineral Resource Activities
849805Management of Water Consumption by Mineral Resource Activities
849899Environmentally Sustainable Mineral Resource Activities not elsewhere classified
8499Other Mineral Resources (excl. Energy Resources)
849999Mineral Resources (excl. Energy Resources) not elsewhere classified

85  ENERGY

8501Energy Exploration
850101Coal Exploration
850102Geothermal Exploration
850103Oil and Gas Exploration
850104Oil Shale and Tar Sands Exploration
850105Uranium Exploration
850199Energy Exploration not elsewhere classified
8502Mining and Extraction of Energy Resources
850201Coal Mining and Extraction
850202Geothermal Energy Extraction
850203Oil and Gas Extraction
850204Oil Shale and Tar Sands Mining and Extraction
850205Uranium Mining and Extraction
850299Mining and Extraction of Energy Resources not elsewhere classified
8503Preparation and Production of Energy Sources
850301Hydrogen Production from Fossil Fuels
850302Hydrogen Production from Nuclear Energy
850303Hydrogen Production from Renewable Energy
850304Oil and Gas Refining
850305Preparation of Black Coal
850306Preparation of Brown Coal (Lignite)
850307Preparation of Oil Shale and Tar Sands
850308Preparation of Uranium
850309Production of Biofuels (Biomass)
850399Preparation and Production of Energy Sources not elsewhere classified
8504Energy Transformation
850401Fuel Cells (excl. Solid Oxide)
850402Hydrogen-based Energy Systems (incl. Internal Hydrogen Combustion Engines)
850403Nuclear Energy
850404Solid Oxide Fuel Cells
850405Transformation of Black Coal into Electricity
850406Transformation of Brown Coal (Lignite) into Electricity
850407Transformation of Coal into Gaseous Fuels
850408Transformation of Coal into Liquid Fuels
850409Transformation of Gas into Electricity
850410Transformation of Gas into Liquid Fuels
850499Energy Transformation not elsewhere classified
8505Renewable Energy
850501Biofuel (Biomass) Energy
850502Geothermal Energy
850503Hydro-Electric Energy
850504Solar-Photovoltaic Energy
850505Solar-Thermal Electric Energy
850506Solar-Thermal Energy
850507Tidal Energy
850508Wave Energy
850509Wind Energy
850599Renewable Energy not elsewhere classified
8506Energy Storage, Distribution and Supply
850601Energy Services and Utilities
850602Energy Storage (excl. Hydrogen)
850603Energy Systems Analysis
850604Energy Transmission and Distribution (excl. Hydrogen)
850605Hydrogen Distribution
850606Hydrogen Storage
850699Energy Storage, Distribution and Supply not elsewhere classified
8507Energy Conservation and Efficiency
850701Commercial Energy Conservation and Efficiency
850702Energy Conservation and Efficiency in Transport
850703Industrial Energy Conservation and Efficiency
850704Residential Energy Conservation and Efficiency
850799Energy Conservation and Efficiency not elsewhere classified
8598Environmentally Sustainable Energy Activities
859801Management of Gaseous Waste from Energy Activities (excl. Greenhouse Gases)
859802Management of Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Electricity Generation
859803Management of Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Energy Activities (excl. Electricity Generation)
859804Management of Liquid Waste from Energy Activities (excl. Water)
859805Management of Solid Waste from Energy Activities
859806Management of Water Consumption by Energy Activities
859899Environmentally Sustainable Energy Activities not elsewhere classified
8599Other Energy
859999Energy not elsewhere classified

86  MANUFACTURING

8601Processed Food Products and Beverages (excl. Dairy Products)
860101Bakery Products
860102Beverages (excl. Fruit Juices)
860103Carcass Meat (incl. Fish and Seafood)
860104Flour Mill and Cereal Food
860105Nutraceuticals and Functional Foods
860106Oils and Fats (incl. Margarines)
860107Processed Fish and Seafood Products
860108Processed Fruit and Vegetable Products (incl. Fruit Juices)
860109Processed Meat Products
860110Soy Products
860111Sugar and Confectionery Products
860199Processed Food Products and Beverages (excl. Dairy Products) not elsewhere classified
8602Dairy Products
860201Butter and Milk-Derived Fats and Oils (excl. Cream)
860202Casein
860203Cheese
860204Processed Milk and Cream (incl. Powder, Evaporated and Condensed)
860205Whey
860299Dairy Products not elsewhere classified
8603Processed Non-Food Agriculture Products (excl. Wood, Paper and Fibre)
860301Essential Oils (e.g. Tea Tree, Eucalyptus, Lavender, Peppermint, Boronia, Sandalwood)
860302Organic Fertilisers
860303Plant Extracts (e.g. Pyrethrum, Alkaloids, Jojoba Oil)
860304Prepared Animal Feed
860399Processed Non-Food Agricultural Products (excl. Wood, Paper and Fibre) not elsewhere classified
8604Leather Products, Fibre Processing and Textiles
860401Clothing
860402Cotton Ginning
860403Natural Fibres, Yarns and Fabrics
860404Non-Fabric Textiles (e.g. Felt)
860405Processed Skins, Leather and Leather Products
860406Synthetic Fibres, Yarns and Fabrics
860407Wool Scouring and Top Making
860499Leather Products, Fibre Processing and Textiles not elsewhere classified
8605Wood, Wood Products and Paper
860501Paper Products (incl. Coated Paper)
860502Printing and Publishing Processes
860503Pulp and Paper
860504Reconstituted Timber Products (e.g. Chipboard, Particleboard)
860505Wood Sawing and Veneer
860599Wood, Wood Products and Paper not elsewhere classified
8606Industrial Chemicals and Related Products
860601Industrial Gases
860602Inorganic Industrial Chemicals
860603Lubricants
860604Organic Industrial Chemicals (excl. Resins, Rubber and Plastics)
860605Paints
860606Plastics in Primary Forms
860607Plastic Products (incl. Construction Materials)
860608Rubber and Synthetic Resins
860609Soaps and Cosmetics
860699Industrial Chemicals and Related Products not elsewhere classified
8607Agricultural Chemicals
860701Animal Protection Chemicals
860702Chemical Fertilisers
860703Crop Protection Chemicals
860799Agricultural Chemicals not elsewhere classified
8608Human Pharmaceutical Products
860801Human Biological Preventatives (e.g. Vaccines)
860802Human Diagnostics
860803Human Pharmaceutical Treatments (e.g. Antibiotics)
860899Human Pharmaceutical Products not elsewhere classified
8609Veterinary Pharmaceutical Products
860901Veterinary Biological Preventatives (e.g. Vaccines)
860902Veterinary Diagnostics
860903Veterinary Pharmaceutical Treatments (e.g. Antibiotics)
860999Veterinary Pharmaceutical Products not elsewhere classified
8610Ceramics, Glass and Industrial Mineral Products
861001Cement and Concrete Materials
861002Ceramics
861003Clay Products
861004Plaster and Plaster Products
861005Structural Glass and Glass Products
861099Ceramics, Glass and Industrial Mineral Products not elsewhere classified
8611Basic Metal Products (incl. Smelting, Rolling, Drawing and Extruding)
861101Basic Aluminium Products
861102Basic Copper Products
861103Basic Iron and Steel Products
861104Basic Precious Metal Products
861105Basic Zinc Products
861199Basic Metal Products (incl. Smelting, Rolling, Drawing and Extruding) not elsewhere classified
8612Fabricated Metal Products
861201Coated Metal and Metal-Coated Products
861202Machined Metal Products
861203Metal Castings
861204Semi-Finished Metal Products
861205Sheet Metal Products
861206Structural Metal Products
861299Fabricated Metal Products not elsewhere classified
8613Transport Equipment
861301Aerospace Equipment
861302Automotive Equipment
861303Nautical Equipment (excl. Yachts)
861304Rail Equipment
861305Yachts
861399Transport Equipment not elsewhere classified
8614Machinery and Equipment
861401Agricultural Machinery and Equipment
861402Appliances and Electrical Machinery and Equipment
861403Industrial Machinery and Equipment
861404Mining Machinery and Equipment
861499Machinery and Equipment not elsewhere classified
8615Instrumentation
861501Industrial Instruments
861502Medical Instruments
861503Scientific Instruments
861599Instrumentation not elsewhere classified
8616Computer Hardware and Electronic Equipment
861601Computer and Electronic Office Equipment
861602Consumer Electronic Equipment (excl. Communication Equipment)
861603Integrated Circuits and Devices
861604Integrated Systems
861605Processor Modules
861606Satellite Navigation Equipment
861699Computer Hardware and Electronic Equipment not elsewhere classified
8617Communication Equipment
861701Network Infrastructure Equipment
861702Telemetry Equipment
861703Voice and Data Equipment
861799Communication Equipment not elsewhere classified
8698Environmentally Sustainable Manufacturing
869801Management of Gaseous Waste from Manufacturing Activities (excl. Greenhouse Gases)
869802Management of Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Manufacturing Activities
869803Management of Liquid Waste from Manufacturing Activities (excl. Water)
869804Management of Solid Waste from Manufacturing Activities
869805Management of Water Consumption by Manufacturing Activities
869899Environmentally Sustainable Manufacturing not elsewhere classified
8699Other Manufacturing
869901Furniture
869999Manufacturing not elsewhere classified

87  CONSTRUCTION

8701Construction Planning
870101Civil Construction Planning
870102Commercial Construction Planning
870103Regional Planning
870104Residential Construction Planning
870105Urban Planning
870199Construction Planning not elsewhere classified
8702Construction Design
870201Civil Construction Design
870202Commercial Construction Design
870203Industrial Construction Design
870204Residential Construction Design
870299Construction Design not elsewhere classified
8703Construction Materials Performance and Processes
870301Cement and Concrete Materials
870302Metals (e.g. Composites, Coatings, Bonding)
870303Polymeric Materials (e.g. Paints)
870304Stone, Ceramics and Clay Materials
870305Timber Materials
870399Construction Materials Performance and Processes not elsewhere classified
8704Construction Processes
870401Civil Construction Processes
870402Commercial Construction Processes
870403Industrial Construction Processes
870404Residential Construction Processes
870499Construction Processes not elsewhere classified
8705Building Management and Services
870501Civil Building Management and Services
870502Commercial Building Management and Services
870503Residential Building Management and Services
870599Building Management and Services not elsewhere classified
8798Environmentally Sustainable Construction
879801Management of Gaseous Waste from Construction Activities (excl. Greenhouse Gases)
879802Management of Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Construction Activities
879803Management of Liquid Waste from Construction Activities (excl. Water)
879804Management of Solid Waste from Construction Activities
879805Management of Water Consumption by Construction Activities
879899Environmentally Sustainable Construction not elsewhere classified
8799Other Construction
879999Construction not elsewhere classified

88  TRANSPORT

8801Ground Transport
880101Rail Freight
880102Rail Infrastructure and Networks
880103Rail Passenger Movements
880104Rail Safety
880105Road Freight
880106Road Infrastructure and Networks
880107Road Passenger Movements (excl. Public Transport)
880108Road Public Transport
880109Road Safety
880199Ground Transport not elsewhere classified
8802Water Transport
880201Coastal Sea Freight Transport
880202International Sea Freight Transport (excl. Live Animal Transport)
880203International Sea Transport of Live Animals
880204Passenger Water Transport
880205Port Infrastructure and Management
880206Water Safety
880299Water Transport not elsewhere classified
8803Aerospace Transport
880301Air Freight
880302Air Passenger Transport
880303Air Safety
880304Air Terminal Infrastructure and Management
880305Space Transport
880399Aerospace Transport not elsewhere classified
8898Environmentally Sustainable Transport
889801Management of Gaseous Waste from Transport Activities (excl. Greenhouse Gases)
889802Management of Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Transport Activities
889803Management of Liquid Waste from Transport Activities (excl. Water)
889804Management of Noise and Vibration from Transport Activities
889805Management of Solid Waste from Transport Activities
889806Management of Water Consumption by Transport Activities
889899Environmentally Sustainable Transport not elsewhere classified
8899Other Transport
889901Intermodal Materials Handling
889902Multimodal Transport
889903Pipeline Transport
889904Postal and Package Services (incl. Courier Services)
889999Transport not elsewhere classified

89  INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION SERVICES

8901Communication Networks and Services
890101Fixed Line Data Networks and Services
890102Fixed Line Telephone Networks and Services
890103Mobile Data Networks and Services
890104Mobile Telephone Networks and Services
890105Satellite Communication Networks and Services
890106Videoconference Services
890199Communication Networks and Services not elsewhere classified
8902Computer Software and Services
890201Application Software Packages (excl. Computer Games)
890202Application Tools and System Utilities
890203Computer Gaming Software
890204Computer Time Leasing, Sharing and Renting Services
890205Information Processing Services (incl. Data Entry and Capture)
890206Internet Hosting Services (incl. Application Hosting Services)
890299Computer Software and Services not elsewhere classified
8903Information Services
890301Electronic Information Storage and Retrieval Services
890302Library and Archival Services
890303News Collection Services
890399Information Services not elsewhere classified
8904Media Services
890401Animation and Computer Generated Imagery Services
890402Film and Video Services (excl. Animation and Computer Generated Imagery)
890403Internet Broadcasting
890404Publishing and Print Services (incl. Internet Publishing)
890405Radio and Television Broadcasting
890499Media Services not elsewhere classified
8998Environmentally Sustainable Information and Communication Services
899801Management of Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Information and Communication Services
899802Management of Solid Waste from Information and Communication Services
899803Management of Water Consumption by Information and Communication Services
899899Environmentally Sustainable Information and Communication Services not elsewhere classified
8999Other Information and Communication Services
899999Information and Communication Services not elsewhere classified

90  COMMERCIAL SERVICES AND TOURISM

9001Financial Services
900101Finance Services
900102Investment Services (excl. Superannuation)
900103Superannuation and Insurance Services
900199Financial Services not elsewhere classified
9002Property, Business Support Services and Trade
900201Administration and Business Support Services
900202Professional, Scientific and Technical Services
900203Property Services (incl. Security)
900204Wholesale and Retail Trade
900299Property, Business Support Services and Trade not elsewhere classified
9003Tourism
900301Economic Issues in Tourism
900302Socio-Cultural Issues in Tourism
900303Tourism Infrastructure Development
900399Tourism not elsewhere classified
9004Water and Waste Services
900401Waste Management Services
900402Waste Recycling Services
900403Water Recycling Services (incl. Sewage and Greywater)
900404Water Services and Utilities
900499Water and Waste Services not elsewhere classified
9098Environmentally Sustainable Commercial Services and Tourism
909801Management of Gaseous Waste from Commercial Services and Tourism (excl. Greenhouse Gases)
909802Management of Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Commercial Services and Tourism
909803Management of Liquid Waste from Commercial Services and Tourism (excl. Water)
909804Management of Solid Waste from Commercial Services and Tourism
909805Management of Water Consumption by Commercial Services and Tourism
909899Environmentally Sustainable Commercial Services and Tourism not elsewhere classified
9099Other Commercial Services and Tourism
909901Hospitality Services
909902Recreational Services
909999Commercial Services and Tourism not elsewhere classified

91  ECONOMIC FRAMEWORK

9101Macroeconomics
910101Balance of Payments
910102Demography
910103Economic Growth
910104Exchange Rates
910105Fiscal Policy
910106Income Distribution
910107Macro Labour Market Issues
910108Monetary Policy
910109Savings and Investments
910110Taxation
910199Macroeconomics not elsewhere classified
9102Microeconomics
910201Consumption
910202Human Capital Issues
910203Industrial Organisations
910204Industry Costs and Structure
910205Industry Policy
910206Market-Based Mechanisms
910207Microeconomic Effects of Taxation
910208Micro Labour Market Issues
910209Preference, Behaviour and Welfare
910210Production
910211Supply and Demand
910299Microeconomics not elsewhere classified
9103International Trade
910301International Agreements on Trade
910302Trade Assistance and Protection
910303Trade Policy
910399International Trade not elsewhere classified
9104Management and Productivity
910401Industrial Relations
910402Management
910403Marketing
910404Productivity (excl. Public Sector)
910405Public Sector Productivity
910406Technological and Organisational Innovation
910499Management and Productivity not elsewhere classified
9105Measurement Standards and Calibration Services
910501Agricultural and Environmental Standards
910502Defence Standards and Calibrations
910503Manufacturing Standards and Calibrations
910504Service Industries Standards and Calibrations
910599Measurement Standards and Calibration Services not elsewhere classified
9199Other Economic Framework
919901Carbon and Emissions Trading
919902Ecological Economics
919999Economic Framework not elsewhere classified

92  HEALTH

9201Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions)
920101Blood Disorders
920102Cancer and Related Disorders
920103Cardiovascular System and Diseases
920104Diabetes
920105Digestive System Disorders
920106Endocrine Organs and Diseases (excl. Diabetes)
920107Hearing, Vision, Speech and Their Disorders
920108Immune System and Allergy
920109Infectious Diseases
920110Inherited Diseases (incl. Gene Therapy)
920111Nervous System and Disorders
920112Neurodegenerative Disorders Related to Ageing
920113Oro-Dental Disorders
920114Reproductive System and Disorders
920115Respiratory System and Diseases (incl. Asthma)
920116Skeletal System and Disorders (incl. Arthritis)
920117Skin and Related Disorders
920118Surgical Methods and Procedures
920119Urogenital System and Disorders
920120Zoonoses
920199Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) not elsewhere classified
9202Health and Support Services
920201Allied Health Therapies (excl. Mental Health Services)
920202Carer Health
920203Diagnostic Methods
920204Evaluation of Health Outcomes
920205Health Education and Promotion
920206Health Inequalities
920207Health Policy Economic Outcomes
920208Health Policy Evaluation
920209Mental Health Services
920210Nursing
920211Palliative Care
920299Health and Support Services not elsewhere classified
9203Indigenous Health
920301Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health - Determinants of Health
920302Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health - Health Status and Outcomes
920303Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health - Health System Performance (incl. Effectiveness of Interventions)
920304Maori Health - Determinants of Health
920305Maori Health - Health Status and Outcomes
920306Maori Health - Health System Performance (incl. Effectiveness of Interventions)
920307Pacific Peoples' Health - Determinants Of Health
920308Pacific Peoples' Health - Health Status and Outcomes
920309Pacific Peoples' Health - Health System Performance (incl. Effectiveness of Interventions)
920399Indigenous Health not elsewhere classified
9204Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health)
920401Behaviour and Health
920402Dental Health
920403Disability and Functional Capacity
920404Disease Distribution and Transmission (incl. Surveillance and Response)
920405Environmental Health
920406Food Safety
920407Health Protection and/or Disaster Response
920408Health Status (e.g. Indicators of Well-Being)
920409Injury Control
920410Mental Health
920411Nutrition
920412Preventive Medicine
920413Social Structure and Health
920414Substance Abuse
920499Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) not elsewhere classified
9205Specific Population Health (excl. Indigenous Health)
920501Child Health
920502Health Related to Ageing
920503Health Related to Specific Ethnic Groups
920504Men's Health
920505Occupational Health
920506Rural Health
920507Women's Health
920599Specific Population Health (excl. Indigenous Health) not elsewhere classified
9299Other Health
929999Health not elsewhere classified

93  EDUCATION AND TRAINING

9301Learner and Learning
930101Learner and Learning Achievement
930102Learner and Learning Processes
930103Learner Development
930104Moral and Social Development (incl. Affect)
930199Learner and Learning not elsewhere classified
9302Teaching and Instruction
930201Pedagogy
930202Teacher and Instructor Development
930203Teaching and Instruction Technologies
930299Teaching and Instruction not elsewhere classified
9303Curriculum
930301Assessment and Evaluation of Curriculum
930302Syllabus and Curriculum Development
930399Curriculum not elsewhere classified
9304School/Institution
930401Management and Leadership of Schools/Institutions
930402School/Institution Community and Environment
930403School/Institution Policies and Development
930499School/Institution not elsewhere classified
9305Education and Training Systems
930501Education and Training Systems Policies and Development
930502Management of Education and Training Systems
930503Resourcing of Education and Training Systems
930599Education and Training Systems not elsewhere classified
9399Other Education and Training
939901Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Education
939902Education and Training Theory and Methodology
939903Equity and Access to Education
939904Gender Aspects of Education
939905Maori Education
939906Pacific Peoples Education
939907Special Needs Education
939908Workforce Transition and Employment
939999Education and Training not elsewhere classified

94  LAW, POLITICS AND COMMUNITY SERVICES

9401Community Service (excl. Work)
940101Ability and Disability
940102Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Development and Welfare
940103Ageing and Older People
940104Carers’ Development and Welfare
940105Children's/Youth Services and Childcare
940106Citizenship and National Identity
940107Comparative Structure and Development of Community Services
940108Distribution of Income and Wealth
940109Employment Services
940110Environmental Services
940111Ethnicity, Multiculturalism and Migrant Development and Welfare
940112Families and Family Services
940113Gender and Sexualities
940114Maori Development and Welfare
940115Pacific Peoples Development and Welfare
940116Social Class and Inequalities
940117Structure, Delivery and Financing of Community Services
940199Community Service (excl. Work) not elsewhere classified
9402Government and Politics
940201Civics and Citizenship
940202Electoral Systems
940203Political Systems
940204Public Services Policy Advice and Analysis
940299Government and Politics not elsewhere classified
9403International Relations
940301Defence and Security Policy
940302International Aid and Development
940303International Organisations
940304International Political Economy (excl. International Trade)
940399International Relations not elsewhere classified
9404Justice and the Law
940401Civil Justice
940402Crime Prevention
940403Criminal Justice
940404Law Enforcement
940405Law Reform
940406Legal Processes
940407Legislation, Civil and Criminal Codes
940408Rehabilitation and Correctional Services
940499Justice and the Law not elsewhere classified
9405Work and Institutional Development
940501Employment Patterns and Change
940502Professions and Professionalisation
940503Time Use, Unpaid Work and Volunteering
940504Work and Family Responsibilities
940505Workplace Safety
940599Work and Institutional Development not elsewhere classified
9499Other Law, Politics and Community Services
949999Law, Politics and Community Services not elsewhere classified

95  CULTURAL UNDERSTANDING

9501Arts and Leisure
950101Music
950102Organised Sports
950103Recreation
950104The Creative Arts (incl. Graphics and Craft)
950105The Performing Arts (incl. Theatre and Dance)
950199Arts and Leisure not elsewhere classified
9502Communication
950201Communication Across Languages and Culture
950202Languages and Literacy
950203Languages and Literature
950204The Media
950205Visual Communication
950299Communication not elsewhere classified
9503Heritage
950301Ahuatanga Maori (Maori Tradition)
950302Conserving Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Heritage
950303Conserving Collections and Movable Cultural Heritage
950304Conserving Intangible Cultural Heritage
950305Conserving Natural Heritage
950306Conserving Pacific Peoples Heritage
950307Conserving the Historic Environment
950308Matauranga Maori (Maori Knowledge)
950309Taonga (Maori Artefacts)
950310Tikanga Maori (Maori Customary Practices)
950311Wahi Taonga (Maori Places of Significance)
950399Heritage not elsewhere classified
9504Religion and Ethics
950401Bioethics
950402Business Ethics
950403Environmental Ethics
950404Religion and Society
950405Religious Structures and Ritual
950406Religious Traditions (excl. Structures and Rituals)
950407Social Ethics
950408Technological Ethics
950409Workplace and Organisational Ethics
950499Religion and Ethics not elsewhere classified
9505Understanding Past Societies
950501Understanding Africa's Past
950502Understanding Asia's Past
950503Understanding Australia's Past
950504Understanding Europe's Past
950505Understanding New Zealand's Past
950506Understanding the Past of the Americas
950599Understanding Past Societies not elsewhere classified
9599Other Cultural Understanding
959999Cultural Understanding not elsewhere classified

96  ENVIRONMENT

9601Air Quality
960101Antarctic and Sub-Antarctic Air Quality
960102Coastal and Estuarine Air Quality
960103Farmland, Arable Cropland and Permanent Cropland Air Quality
960104Marine Air Quality
960105Mining Air Quality
960106Urban and Industrial Air Quality
960199Air Quality not elsewhere classified
9602Atmosphere and Weather
960201Atmospheric Composition (incl. Greenhouse Gas Inventory)
960202Atmospheric Processes and Dynamics
960203Weather
960299Atmosphere and Weather not elsewhere classified
9603Climate and Climate Change
960301Climate Change Adaptation Measures
960302Climate Change Mitigation Strategies
960303Climate Change Models
960304Climate Variability (excl. Social Impacts)
960305Ecosystem Adaptation to Climate Change
960306Effects of Climate Change and Variability on Antarctic and Sub-Antarctic Environments (excl. Social Impacts)
960307Effects of Climate Change and Variability on Australia (excl. Social Impacts)
960308Effects of Climate Change and Variability on New Zealand (excl. Social Impacts)
960309Effects of Climate Change and Variability on the South Pacific (excl. Australia and New Zealand) (excl. Social
960310Global Effects of Climate Change and Variability (excl. Australia, New Zealand, Antarctica and the South Pacific)
960311Social Impacts of Climate Change and Variability
960399Climate and Climate Change not elsewhere classified
9604Control of Pests, Diseases and Exotic Species
960401Border Biosecurity (incl. Quarantine and Inspection)
960402Control of Animal Pests, Diseases and Exotic Species in Coastal and Estuarine Environments
960403Control of Animal Pests, Diseases and Exotic Species in Farmland, Arable Cropland and Permanent Cropland
960404Control of Animal Pests, Diseases and Exotic Species in Forest and Woodlands Environments
960405Control of Pests, Diseases and Exotic Species at Regional or Larger Scales
960406Control of Pests, Diseases and Exotic Species in Fresh, Ground and Surface Water Environments
960407Control of Pests, Diseases and Exotic Species in Marine Environments
960408Control of Pests, Diseases and Exotic Species in Mining Environments
960409Control of Pests, Diseases and Exotic Species in Mountain and High Country Environments
960410Control of Pests, Diseases and Exotic Species in Sparseland, Permanent Grassland and Arid Zone Environments
960411Control of Pests, Diseases and Exotic Species in Urban and Industrial Environments
960412Control of Plant Pests, Diseases and Exotic Species in Coastal and Estuarine Environments
960413Control of Plant Pests, Diseases and Exotic Species in Farmland, Arable Cropland and Permanent Cropland
960414Control of Plant Pests, Diseases and Exotic Species in Forest and Woodlands Environments
960415Pre-Border Biosecurity
960499Control of Pests, Diseases and Exotic Species not elsewhere classified
9605Ecosystem Assessment and Management
960501Ecosystem Assessment and Management at Regional or Larger Scales
960502Ecosystem Assessment and Management of Antarctic and Sub-Antarctic Environments
960503Ecosystem Assessment and Management of Coastal and Estuarine Environments
960504Ecosystem Assessment and Management of Farmland, Arable Cropland and Permanent Cropland Environments
960505Ecosystem Assessment and Management of Forest and Woodlands Environments
960506Ecosystem Assessment and Management of Fresh, Ground and Surface Water Environments
960507Ecosystem Assessment and Management of Marine Environments
960508Ecosystem Assessment and Management of Mining Environments
960509Ecosystem Assessment and Management of Mountain and High Country Environments
960510Ecosystem Assessment and Management of Sparseland, Permanent Grassland and Arid Zone Environments
960511Ecosystem Assessment and Management of Urban and Industrial Environments
960599Ecosystem Assessment and Management not elsewhere classified
9606Environmental and Natural Resource Evaluation
960601Economic Incentives for Environmental Protection
960602Eco-Verification (excl. Environmental Lifecycle Assessment)
960603Environmental Lifecycle Assessment
960604Environmental Management Systems
960605Institutional Arrangements for Environmental Protection
960606Rights to Environmental and Natural Resources (excl. Water Allocation)
960607Rural Land Evaluation
960608Rural Water Evaluation (incl. Water Quality)
960609Sustainability Indicators
960610Urban Land Evaluation
960611Urban Water Evaluation (incl. Water Quality)
960699Environmental and Natural Resource Evaluation not elsewhere classified
9607Environmental Policy, Legislation and Standards
960701Coastal and Marine Management Policy
960702Consumption Patterns, Population Issues and the Environment
960703Environmental Education and Awareness
960704Land Stewardship
960705Rural Land Policy
960706Rural Water Policy
960707Trade and Environment
960708Urban Land Policy
960709Urban Water Policy
960799Environmental Policy, Legislation and Standards not elsewhere classified
9608Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity
960801Antarctic and Sub-Antarctic Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity
960802Coastal and Estuarine Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity
960803Documentation of Undescribed Flora and Fauna
960804Farmland, Arable Cropland and Permanent Cropland Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity
960805Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity at Regional or Larger Scales
960806Forest and Woodlands Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity
960807Fresh, Ground and Surface Water Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity
960808Marine Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity
960809Mining Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity
960810Mountain and High Country Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity
960811Sparseland, Permanent Grassland and Arid Zone Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity
960812Urban and Industrial Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity
960899Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity of Environments not elsewhere classified
9609Land and Water Management
960901Antarctic and Sub-Antarctic Land and Water Management
960902Coastal and Estuarine Land Management
960903Coastal and Estuarine Water Management
960904Farmland, Arable Cropland and Permanent Cropland Land Management
960905Farmland, Arable Cropland and Permanent Cropland Water Management
960906Forest and Woodlands Land Management
960907Forest and Woodlands Water Management
960908Mining Land and Water Management
960909Mountain and High Country Land and Water Management
960910Sparseland, Permanent Grassland and Arid Zone Land and Water Management
960911Urban and Industrial Land Management
960912Urban and Industrial Water Management
960913Water Allocation and Quantification
960999Land and Water Management of Environments not elsewhere classified
9610Natural Hazards
961001Natural Hazards in Antarctic and Sub-Antarctic Environments
961002Natural Hazards in Coastal and Estuarine Environments
961003Natural Hazards in Farmland, Arable Cropland and Permanent Cropland Environments
961004Natural Hazards in Forest and Woodlands Environments
961005Natural Hazards in Fresh, Ground and Surface Water Environments
961006Natural Hazards in Marine Environments
961007Natural Hazards in Mining Environments
961008Natural Hazards in Mountain and High Country Environments
961009Natural Hazards in Sparseland, Permanent Grassland and Arid Zone Environments
961010Natural Hazards in Urban and Industrial Environments
961099Natural Hazards not elsewhere classified
9611Physical and Chemical Conditions of Water
961101Physical and Chemical Conditions of Water for Urban and Industrial Use
961102Physical and Chemical Conditions of Water in Coastal and Estuarine Environments
961103Physical and Chemical Conditions of Water in Fresh, Ground and Surface Water Environments (excl. Urban and
961104Physical and Chemical Conditions of Water in Marine Environments
961199Physical and Chemical Conditions of Water not elsewhere classified
9612Rehabilitation of Degraded Environments
961201Rehabilitation of Degraded Coastal and Estuarine Environments
961202Rehabilitation of Degraded Farmland, Arable Cropland and Permanent Cropland Environments
961203Rehabilitation of Degraded Forest and Woodlands Environments
961204Rehabilitation of Degraded Fresh, Ground and Surface Water Environments
961205Rehabilitation of Degraded Mining Environments
961206Rehabilitation of Degraded Mountain and High Country Environments
961207Rehabilitation of Degraded Sparseland, Permanent Grassland and Arid Zone Environments
961208Rehabilitation of Degraded Urban and Industrial Environments
961299Rehabilitation of Degraded Environments not elsewhere classified
9613Remnant Vegetation and Protected Conservation Areas
961301Protected Conservation Areas in Antarctic and Sub-Antarctic Environments
961302Protected Conservation Areas in Fresh, Ground and Surface Water Environments
961303Protected Conservation Areas in Marine Environments
961304Remnant Vegetation and Protected Conservation Areas in Coastal and Estuarine Environments
961305Remnant Vegetation and Protected Conservation Areas in Farmland, Arable Cropland and Permanent Cropland
961306Remnant Vegetation and Protected Conservation Areas in Forest and Woodlands Environments
961307Remnant Vegetation and Protected Conservation Areas in Mountain and High Country Environments
961308Remnant Vegetation and Protected Conservation Areas at Regional or Larger Scales
961309Remnant Vegetation and Protected Conservation Areas in Sparseland, Permanent Grassland and Arid Zone
961310Remnant Vegetation and Protected Conservation Areas in Urban and Industrial Environments
961399Remnant Vegetation and Protected Conservation Areas not elsewhere classified
9614Soils
961401Coastal and Estuarine Soils
961402Farmland, Arable Cropland and Permanent Cropland Soils
961403Forest and Woodlands Soils
961404Mining Soils
961405Mountain and High Country Soils
961406Sparseland, Permanent Grassland and Arid Zone Soils
961407Urban and Industrial Soils
961499Soils not elsewhere classified
9699Other Environment
969901Antarctic and Sub-Antarctic Oceanography
969902Marine Oceanic Processes (excl. Climate Related)
969999Environment not elsewhere classified

97  EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE

970101Expanding Knowledge in the Mathematical Sciences
970102Expanding Knowledge in the Physical Sciences
970103Expanding Knowledge in the Chemical Sciences
970104Expanding Knowledge in the Earth Sciences
970105Expanding Knowledge in the Environmental Sciences
970106Expanding Knowledge in the Biological Sciences
970107Expanding Knowledge in the Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences
970108Expanding Knowledge in the Information and Computing Sciences
970109Expanding Knowledge in Engineering
970110Expanding Knowledge in Technology
970111Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences
970112Expanding Knowledge in Built Environment and Design
970113Expanding Knowledge in Education
970114Expanding Knowledge in Economics
970115Expanding Knowledge in Commerce, Management, Tourism and Services
970116Expanding Knowledge through Studies of Human Society
970117Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
970118Expanding Knowledge in Law and Legal Studies
970119Expanding Knowledge through Studies of the Creative Arts and Writing
970120Expanding Knowledge in Language, Communication and Culture
970121Expanding Knowledge in History and Archaeology
970122Expanding Knowledge in Philosophy and Religious Studies