Social media leaves clues to mental health
Researchers are working on a way to better support people living with mental health concerns by analysing their social media posts.
Usman Naseem is a lecturer in data science at James Cook University who led a study applying a new technique designed to find early warnings of mental health distress in online posts.
Dr Naseem said mental health conditions had emerged as a pressing global concern, with more than one in 100 deaths attributed to suicide.
“The COVID-19 pandemic has made this worse, leading to a notable increase in conditions such as depression and anxiety, which now affect more than one billion people worldwide.
“This results in a substantial burden on health-care systems and society, and means there’s an urgent need for easier and innovative approaches to addressing mental health concerns,” said Dr Naseem.
He said user-generated text, on social media platforms in particular, has gained prominence as a valuable tool.
“Social media users tend to express themselves openly and candidly, making it a rich source of data for researchers. By distinguishing changes in sentiment, identifying specific language markers, and detecting behavioural anomalies, researchers can spot potential risk factors for mental health conditions,” said Dr Naseem.
He said the team had refined the technique by considering historical posts, their timing and the interval between them.
“Accurately assessing the state of a user’s mind requires understanding the history of the user’s mental health condition. We comprehensively considered both historical posts and the diverse time intervals between them, so we could gather more accurate and nuanced assessments of a person’s mental well-being,” said Dr Naseem.
He said the new technique effectively captured the context of users’ historical posts and irregularities in the time they posted.
“Our results demonstrate the new method surpasses current state-of-the-art approaches in the area of mental health surveillance on social media.
“We think it will provide valuable insights for mental health professionals and researchers in monitoring and supporting individuals in need.
“Ideally, we hope this information will become an efficient and effective way for clinicians to provide early intervention and support,” said Dr Naseem.
Link to journal article here.
If you or someone you know needs mental health support, help is available via Lifeline (24-hour crisis line): 13 11 14, Beyond Blue: 1300 22 4636 or beyondblue.org.au or Headspace: 1800 650 890 or headspace.org.au
Dr Usman Naseem