LTSE Policies & Frameworks Inherent Requirements Graduate Certificate of Aeromedical Retrieval

Graduate Certificate of Aeromedical Retrieval

JCU Inherent Requirements for Graduate Certificate of Aeromedical Retrieval (76511), Master of Public Health (72504) - Aeromedical Retrieval Major*

*For Master of Public Health (72504) – Aeromedical Retrieval Major, please see also the Inherent Requirements for Master of Public Health (72504).

JCU is committed to enhancing students' access, participation and success in higher education and embracing the diversity of the communities we serve. We strongly support the rights of individuals who wish to pursue a degree to achieve their potential personal and professional career objectives. This document is designed to assist students and potential students to make informed decisions for study and access to services and to guide further discussions based on a clear understating of the inherent course requirements.

Inherent requirements

Inherent requirements are the fundamental abilities, attributes, skills and behaviours needed to complete the learning outcomes of a course while preserving the academic integrity of the university’s learning, assessment and accreditation processes. Students and prospective students must be able to demonstrate that they have acquired or have the ability to acquire the inherent requirements for their degree.

Reasonable adjustments may be implemented to assist you manage additional circumstances impacting on your studies provided these do not fundamentally change academic integrity of a degree.

Are inherent requirements different to admissions and academic requirements?

Each degree has a number of admissions and academic requirements which must be met prior to being able to enrol in or graduate from the degree. Admission and academic requirements can be found at the following links:

Students with a disability or health condition

In many cases, studying with health conditions or disabilities will not impact on your studies. Many students with disabilities or other impacting circumstances that impact on their studies, have successfully completed their university studies, with and without reasonable adjustments made to their learning conditions.

Students with a disability or health condition, or other circumstances such as cultural or religious considerations, can discuss their circumstances and potential needs for reasonably adjusted learning conditions with university staff including the Course Coordinator or AccessAbility Services.

It is highly recommended that you discuss your circumstances with JCU staff as early as possible as reduced time frames may impact significantly on the adjustments that are possible. For students with a disability or health condition, AccessAbility Services provides an experienced reference point, facilitates reasonable adjustments made, and assists students to develop the strategies to realise their capabilities. The University has no requirement to adjust for conditions that it is not aware of. Disclosure is required for any circumstances that pose a health or safety risk to yourself or others.

Reasonable adjustments

JCU is committed to making reasonable adjustments to teaching and learning, assessment, placement and other activities to enable students to participate in their course. Reasonable adjustments could be made to how curricula is delivered, clinical placements are conducted, and the way in which learning outcomes are achieved, demonstrated or assessed. Reasonable adjustments must not fundamentally change the nature of the inherent requirement. Reasonable adjustments do not alter the need to be able to demonstrate the inherent requirements of the course, and may or may not be sufficient in themselves to assist students to meet these requirements.

Reading the Inherent Requirements Statements

Inherent requirements are divided into domains and sub-domains and contain the following information:

  1. Introduction to the inherent requirement
  2. A rationale as to why it is an inherent requirement
  3. Examples of things you must be able to demonstrate, or have the ability to acquire and demonstrate during the course of your degree. Please note this is not an exhaustive list.

Graduate Certificate of Aeromedical Retrieval (76511)

If you are intending to enrol in any of the following postgraduate degrees, you should read this document in conjunction with the course handbook.

  • Graduate Certificate of Aeromedical Retrieval (76511)

You should carefully consider the inherent requirement statements below as a guide for your learning during the course, and as a way to identify early possible challenges you may have in meeting these requirements. If you remain interested or engaged in the course, you should discuss your concerns with the College staff such as the Course Coordinator as soon as possible. If the challenges are related to your disability or health condition contact AccessAbility Services to discuss possible strategies and reasonable adjustments.

If the inherent requirements cannot be met with reasonable adjustments, University staff can provide guidance regarding other study options.

Please note reasonable adjustments must:

  • Be consistent with legislative and regulatory requirements, and not compromise codes, guidelines and policies
  • Not result in unethical or unprofessional behaviour
  • Meet the necessary standards of timeliness, accuracy and functional effectiveness to ensure that self and patient care, treatment or safety is not compromised
  • Address the need to perform the full range of tasks involved in clinical practice, including undertaking learning activities in mixed gender environments, which reflect the Australian context, and
  • Ensure that performance is consistent and sustained over a given period.

Legal

Inherent Requirement

Compliance with Australian Law and professional regulations.

Rationale

Knowledge, understanding, and compliance with legislative and regulatory requirements are necessary in order to reduce the risk of harm to self and others in clinical and related settings; compliance with these professional regulations and the Australian Law ensures students are both responsible and accountable for their practice.

Examples

  • Comply with relevant Civil Aviation Safety Authority (CASA), Australian Health Practitioner Regulation Agency (APHRA), Child protection, work health and safety, and anti-discrimination legislation.

Ethical and professional behaviour

Inherent Requirement

Ethical & professional behaviour in academic, clinical and professional environments

Rationale

Compliance with standards, codes, guidelines and policies that facilitates safe, competent interactions and relationships for students and the people they engage with in the many environments of practice is required for the physical, psychological, emotional and spiritual wellbeing of all.

Examples

  • Comply with academic and non-academic conduct codes and policies and professional standards;
  • Identify and enact relevant applications of these codes and standards, including those relating to plagiarism, informed consent, privacy, confidentiality and equitable, inclusive and respectful behaviour in academic, professional and clinical settings;
  • Complies with Professional Codes, Guidelines and Policies as directed by the profession.

Safe practice

Inherent Requirement

Compliance with safe practice sufficient to meet professional performance, including considerations of current scope of practice, workplace health and safety and infection control and alarm system responsiveness.

Rationale

Compliance with current scope of practice, workplace health and safety, and vaccination requirements are required to provide safe environments for students, staff and others.

Examples

  • Performs tasks to current scope of practice;
  • Comply with relevant workplace health & safety policies for equipment use and storage;
  • Comply with infection control procedures, including the use of Personal Protective Equipment;
  • Be able to respond to alarm systems to maintain personal safety.

Cognition

Knowledge and cognitive skills

Inherent Requirement

Knowledge acquisition, utilisation and retention spanning and drawing together all coursework subjects. Cognitive skills for focus, memory, attention to detail, theoretical deliberation, and practical functioning sufficient to meet professional performance.

Rationale

Understanding and retention of coursework information and the effective processing of this information is required for appropriate, safe and effective professional performance and clinical practice.

Examples

  • Make safe and appropriate patient care decisions from retained knowledge;
  • Observe and respond effectively to critical small changes in measurements or observable symptoms, i.e. change in blood pressure
  • Assess the application of policy and procedures in the context of professional performance;
  • Research and use an evidence based framework to make sound decisions between clinical management options;
  • Recall and apply theoretical foundations for aeromedical retrieval practice.

Metacognition

Inherent Requirement

Awareness of own thinking, and skills to reflect, evaluate, adapt and implement new cognitive strategies for improved learning and professional performance.

Rationale

Understanding and ongoing learning about oneself as an instrument in patient care is required for safe and effective delivery of clinical practice.

Examples

  • Review and reflect on the clinical management of patient cases and adapt into future clinical decision making;
  • Identify and analyse unanticipated outcomes of applied professional knowledge, and modify practice for future practice;
  • Understanding own limitations in knowledge, experience and skill. Seeking advice when own skills and experience are limited;
  • Dealing with mistakes and failings which may often happen in the professional environment in an ethical and honest way, admitting to colleagues, supervisors and clients that you have made a mistake, and putting in place corrective action;
  • Be aware of, and take responsibility for your personal role in inter-personal and team interactions including personal responses to cultural and professional paradigms;
  • Manage and proactively learn from academic and professional practice set-backs by self-evaluation;
  • Manage multiple priorities and time management decisions.

Literacy

Inherent Requirement

English literacy skills to allow the creation and interpretation of clear meaning for professional performance through a range of symbols and English language text.

Rationale

Patient clinical information can be delivered by many different modes and competent literacy skills for these are essential to provide appropriate, safe and effective clinical care.

Examples

  • Comprehend, summarise and reference a range of literature in accordance with appropriate academic conventions in written assignments;
  • Interpret written clinical notes;
  • Produce accurate, concise and clear clinical documentation for professional practice to meet legal requirements.

Numeracy

Inherent Requirement

Accurate processing and reasoning with numbers and numerical concepts for professional performance.

Rationale

Competent reasoning and reliable accuracy with numerical concepts are essential for safe and effective clinical practice.

Examples

  • Calculate correct drug dosages in a time-constrained environment;
  • Calculate correct fluid requirements and fluid balance in unique environments (e.g. high altitude, unstable and changing conditions in the air)
  • Accurately produce and interpret scientific graphs, diagrams and statistical analyses including predicting the likelihood of an outcome and comparing the effectiveness of two or more intervention outcomes.

Communication

Verbal communication

Inherent Requirement

Ability to interact with verbal communication in English to a standard that allows clear and comprehensible two-way interactions for professional performance.

Rationale

Effective interaction with spoken English from university, professional and clinical staff as well as patients is required for effective learning and to provide safe and effective clinical care and professional performance.

Examples

  • Understand and respond accurately and appropriately in a time-constrained environment when provided with additional verbal information impacting on a work process e.g. when a patient/family member or observer provides vital information for clinical management;
  • Engage with peers, supervisors and teaching staff to explore relevant issues around a developing team task/ a tutorial simulation exercise, e.g. discuss current literature and plan a new research Project;
  • Present information and results formally to a wider audience.

Non-verbal communication

Inherent Requirement

Non-verbal communication skills that enable respectful communication with others to meet professional performance.

Rationale

The ability to recognise, interpret and respond to non-verbal cues, to communicate with congruent and respectful non-verbal behaviour, and to be sensitive to individual and/or cultural variations in non-verbal communication are required for safe and effective professional interactions.

Examples

  • Use non-verbal behaviour that is respectful of others and consistent with the nature of the discussion during work team discussions, presentations, and clinical care;
  • Recognise cues in facial expression, appearance, behaviour, posture, movement in people in a clinical environment (e.g. when talking to a patient about their level of pain).

Written communication

Inherent Requirement

Ability to produce English text to a standard that provides clear and professional-level communication, with a language usage and style that is tailored to the targeted recipients.

Rationale

Effective communication in English text is required to demonstrate applied skills in academic writing conventions and in sustained and organised academic argument and provide safe and effective delivery of clinical care and professional performance.

Examples

  • Communicate complex academic and clinical perspectives in writing;
  • Summarise and appropriately reference a range of literature in written assignments;
  • Read, understand and use precise and appropriate language to contribute clearly to handwritten and electronically-produced medical records in a time-constrained environment.

Sensory ability

Visual

Inherent Requirement

Ability to interact with visual inputs sufficiently to manage learning environments and to meet professional performance needs.

Rationale

Elements in the teaching, learning and working environment are delivered by visual means, and the ability to learn from or respond to these inputs is required to provide safe and effective clinical practice.

Examples

  • Observe and detect subtle changes to clinical decision and response to interventions (e.g. colour change after oxygen administration);
  • Process visual information from monitoring equipment and medical technologies, e.g. Monitors, infusion pumps and handwritten and electronic documents;
  • Read medication labels and syringe graduations;
  • Process the visual information required to add precise quantities of medication e.g. drawing up correct medications dosages in a syringe;
  • Set-up and safely use medical equipment and technologies;
  • Monitor the broader environment for patient safety.

Auditory

Inherent Requirement

Ability to interact with auditory inputs sufficiently to manage learning environments and to meet professional performance.

Rationale

Elements in the learning and working environments are delivered by auditory means, and the ability to learn from or respond to these inputs is required to provide safe and effective clinical practice.

Examples

  • Interact with verbal communications that provide additional information impacting on a work process (e.g. discussing setting up and using a new piece of equipment);
  • Follow developing discussions with colleagues which will modify practice (e.g. changes to an infection control protocol);
  • Detect, discriminate and respond to equipment alarms at different frequencies, emergency calls over PA systems, and urgent verbal information for professional practice.
  • Detect and discriminate changes in lung sounds or heart sounds with the use of a stethoscope;
  • Detect and discriminate changes in patient breathing sounds or patient vocalisation.

Tactile

Inherent Requirement

Ability to respond to tactile input sufficiently to meet professional performance needs.

Rationale

Elements in the working environment are detected and measured by tactile means, and the ability to learn from or respond to these inputs is required for safe and effective clinical practice.

Examples

  • Detect and discriminate between changes in circulation e.g. temperature and pulses;
  • Conduct primary and secondary assessments to detect any anatomical or physiological abnormalities;
  • Apply appropriate pressure when drawing up and administering medication such as medications;
  • Apply appropriate technique for invasive line placement
  • Apply a range of pressures at critical time points to accurately determine blood pressure or palpate a peripheral pulse.

Motor ability

Gross motor

Inherent Requirement

Strength, range of motion, coordination and mobility sufficient to meet professional performance needs.

Rationale

A wide range of physical patient care actions and movement in a time/location-constrained environment is required to provide safe and effective clinical practice.

Examples

  • Instigates and performs emergency lifesaving clinical procedures (e.g. cardiopulmonary resuscitation or CPR);
  • Moves easily and readily in various indoor and outdoor spaces, including confined spaces;
  • Move and maintain balance and body position around practice areas to access and transport patients, administer treatments and use equipment on varying surfaces and levels, to complete tasks within constrained timeframes;
  • Reach and work across sterile areas without contaminating surfaces or materials;
  • Position and tighten a tourniquet on a limb for collecting blood;
  • Safely mobilise and competently practice in challenging environments – e.g. practicing in the prehospital environment.

Fine motor

Inherent Requirement

Manual dexterity and fine motor manual skills in a time/location-constrained environment are required to meet clinical practice needs.

Rationale

A wide range of fine-motor manual tasks in a time-constrained environment are required for safe and effective professional performance.

Examples

  • Using a syringe and needle to draw up medications from vials/ ampoules;
  • Position and insert a needle into a vein for collecting blood;
  • Precisely apply scientific/diagnostic procedures, e.g. operating a defibrillator;
  • Manipulate medical equipment such as forceps and scissors during medical procedures;
  • Contribute to both handwritten and electronic scientific records.

Sustained performance

Inherent Requirement

Sustained physical, cognitive and psychosocial performance sufficient for safe and complete professional performance in a variety of unique environments.

Rationale

A range of complex, multi-component or extended practice tasks carried out in a time and space-constrained environment is required for safe and effective clinical practice.

Examples

  • Sustain study practices and clinical performance to sufficiently engage with the learning workload for a study period, and for the degree, within a timeframe in conjunction with personal activities;
  • Sustain a working posture, associated manual tasks, cognitive engagement, performance level and emotional control for the full duration of a clinical assessment/procedure in unique environments e.g. sustained performance in complex aeromedical retrieval cases.
  • Sustained clinical and physical performance for the duration of patient care

Behavioural adaptability

Inherent Requirement

Behaviour that adapts to changing situations sufficiently for safe and complete patient clinical care, and instigates self-care consistent with professional expectations.

Rationale

Behavioural adaptability is required to manage personal emotional responses as an individual and within teams in changing and unpredictable environments. Students will also be exposed to emergency situations and high workloads which will require behavioural stability and prioritisation skills to effectively manage these situations. Students will be required to adapt their behaviour appropriately during times of additional stressors in their own lives, whether this adaptation involves ways of continuing to engage with their role or withdrawing for self-care for a period.

Examples

  • Adjust ways of working within teams of varied personal and professional backgrounds and clinical opinions to facilitate effective practice decisions;
  • Cope with own emotions and behaviour effectively when dealing with multiple and/or changing demands in the practice setting including working in situations of challenging emergency situations, competing priorities, in a confined environment with limited resources and exposure to bodily fluids;
  • Maintain respectful communication practices in times of increased stressors or workloads;
  • Be receptive and respond professionally to constructive feedback;
  • Adjust to changing circumstances in a way that allows self-care while maintaining a professional-level focus on the patient and practice needs.