Inherent Requirements Bachelor of Arts - Bachelor of Laws

Bachelor of Arts - Bachelor of Laws

James Cook University is committed to enhancing student access, participation and success in higher education and embracing the diversity of the communities we serve. The inherent requirements listed for the each course are designed to assist prospective students and all current students to make informed decisions for study.

Inherent requirements

Inherent requirements are the identified abilities, attributes, skills, and behaviours that must be demonstrated, during the learning experience, to successfully complete a course. These abilities, attributes, skills, and behaviours preserve the academic integrity of the University’s learning, assessment, and accreditation processes, and where applicable, meet the standards of a profession.

Reasonable adjustments

JCU assists students who are experiencing a disability to participate in this course, and achieve the inherent requirements of the course, on the same basis as someone who is not experiencing a disability. To do this, JCU works with our students and placement providers to develop agreed reasonable adjustments in accordance with the Student Disability Policy.

A reasonable adjustment is an arrangement, support, or modification, agreed in an Access Plan  to enable participation in learning and achievement of course requirements. Contact JCU’s AccessAbility Services to discuss possible adjustments. Please note that the process of negotiating and implementing reasonable adjustments may take several weeks.

In assessing whether an adjustment is reasonable, the University is entitled, in accordance with the Disability Education Standards, to maintain the inherent requirements of a course. If inherent requirements cannot be met with reasonable adjustments, the University provides guidance regarding other study options.

How to interpret the inherent requirements

Inherent requirements are presented below as domains and sub-domains and contain the following information:

  • The definition of the inherent requirement
  • A rationale as to why it is an inherent requirement
  • Examples of the knowledge, skills, and capabilities that are required to satisfy the inherent requirements of this course.

The inherent requirements for this course should be read in conjunction with the Course and Subject Handbook.

The inherent requirements of the Bachelor of Arts - Bachelor of Laws are:

Inherent requirement:Demonstrate knowledge of, and engage in, ethical and professional behaviour consistent with all relevant standards.
Rationale:Compliance with standards, codes, guidelines, and policies that facilitate safe, competent interactions and relationships for all students/graduates and the people they engage with, supports the physical, psychological, emotional, and spiritual wellbeing of all.
  • Uphold standards, codes, guidelines, and policies that facilitate safe, competent interactions and relationships within professional and academic environments.
  • Pursue ethical decision-making, reflect on ethical dilemmas and issues, and take responsibility for ensuring awareness of ethical behaviour.
  • Demonstrate honesty and integrity in professional and academic settings.
  • Apply ethical and professional standards in the workplace and academic settings.
  • Comply with professional conduct rules, rules of natural justice, courtroom protocols, and professional etiquette.
Inherent requirement:Safe practice sufficient to meet professional and academic performance standards.
Rationale:Safe practices protect the rights, interests, and safety of all stakeholders in professional, community, and academic settings.
  • Contribute to safe professional and academic environments, including adhering to the requirements of informed consent, privacy, and confidentiality in professional and academic settings
  • Initiate and uphold relevant workplace health and safety policies in professional and academic settings.
  • Promote awareness of culturally safe practices, and work to prevent and eliminate discrimination.
  • Ability to assess risk, and practice safety assessment and risk reduction.
  • Identify and respond to alarm systems in a time-sensitive manner.
  • Ability to work effectively, responsibly, and safely in diverse contexts and interdisciplinary teams.

Knowledge and cognitive skills

Inherent requirement:Demonstration of the necessary knowledge and cognitive skills to acquire disciplinary understanding and provide professional, competent practice.
Rationale:The ability to acquire information, accurately convey messages, and read, decode, interpret and comprehend multiple sources of information is fundamental for safe and effective practice.
  • Capacity to research, recall, and process appropriate and relevant information, and evaluate its significance to make informed academic and professional decisions.
  • Ability to critically review, analyse, consolidate, and synthesise information and evidence, and evaluate its significance for specific purposes.
  • Capacity to retain, reason and integrate and analyse knowledge in order to build a coherent argument.
  • Ability to understand the principles of the duty owed to the court and to the client.
  • Apply knowledge of policy and procedures in legal settings.
  • Ability to apply independent judgement, intercultural sensitivity, and national, regional, and global perspectives, to identify and solve problems.


Inherent requirement:Apply English literacy skills to accurately acquire and interpret information and convey appropriate messages.
Rationale:The ability to read, decode, comprehend, interpret, and apply multiple sources of information are essential competencies required for effective professional and academic practice.
  • Engage in discussions, make verbal presentations, and participate in tutorials and group work, conveying spoken and written messages, including complex academic perspectives, accurately, and effectively.
  • Capacity to understand and implement academic conventions to construct the written text in a scholarly and discipline-specific manner, and within a specific timeframe.
  • Interpret written and spoken language to enact verbal or written directions.
  • Ability to develop a range of texts including digital, written, and visual texts.
  • Produce accurate, concise, and clear documentation which meets legal and ethical requirements.


Inherent requirement:Accurate processing and reasoning with numbers and numerical concepts.
Rationale:Competent and accurate numeracy skills are essential for professional legal advice and effective client management.
  • Apply numeracy skills to interpret and solve problems in professional and academic settings.
  • Ability to accurately interpret quantitative research data in professional and academic contexts.

Information and communication technology (ICT)

Inherent requirement:Apply ICT processes and tools fundamental for effective professional and academic practice.
Rationale:Competent knowledge and application of ICTs are necessary for effective learning and communication in professional and academic settings.
  • Select appropriate ICTs to successfully accomplish professional and academic tasks in a timely manner.
  • Capacity to effectively use ICTs in professional and academic environments.

Verbal communication

Inherent requirement: Effective, respectful, and professional verbal communication in English, and any other language/s being studied at JCU.
Rationale: Effective and efficient verbal communication, in English, is an essential requirement to practice certain legal skills such as mooting, advocacy, mediation, arbitration, and negotiations. Additionally, BA language students must be able to convey verbal information in the chosen language/s being studied.
  • Ability to process complex verbal information, convey instructions, and respond clearly, accurately, and appropriately, in time-constrained academic and professional environments.
  • Participate in meetings and professional consultations, and present to groups in professional, academic, and legal contexts.
  • Convey spoken messages clearly, accurately and effectively, and communicate in a sensitive manner that responds to cultural and individual differences.
  • Ability to communicate in a timely manner when speed and interactivity of communication are critical for individual safety and/or assessment.
  • Make verbal submissions accurately, appropriately and in a timely manner in practical settings such as mooting, advocacy, mediation, arbitration, and negotiations.

Non-verbal communication

Inherent requirement: Recognise, interpret, and respond to non-verbal communication skills that enable respectful communication with others.
Rationale: The ability to recognise, interpret, and respond to non-verbal cues, communicate with congruent and respectful non-verbal behaviour, and be sensitive to individual and/or cultural variations in non-verbal communication is required for safe and effective professional and academic interactions.
  • Convey non-verbal behaviour that is respectful of others and consistent with the nature of discussions and presentations in both academic and professional environments.
  • Demonstrate the ability to recognise non-verbal cues.
  • Demonstrate sensitivity to cultural and individual differences when using non-verbal communication.

Written communication

Inherent requirement: Ability to produce English text to a standard that provides clear and professional communication, with language usage and style which can be tailored to a specific audience.
Rationale: Effective written communication, in English, is an essential student capability, and a fundamental aspect of legal practice. Additionally, BA language students must be able to convey written information in the chosen language/s being studied.
  • Construct and communicate complex academic and professional perspectives in writing, using appropriate formatting and referencing when required.
  • Produce accurate, concise, and clear written documentation that meets professional, academic, and, if appropriate, legal, and ethical requirements.
  • Ability to understand and communicate using discipline-specific characters, symbols, vocabulary, and language, including drafting legal documents to appropriate legal and professional standards.
  • Ability to perceive and understand alphabets, characters, vocabulary, and structure of any language/s being studied.


Inherent requirement:Sufficient visual acuity to meet professional and academic performance requirements.
Rationale:Aspects of the teaching, learning and legal working environment are delivered by visual means, and the ability to learn from, or respond to, these inputs is required to provide safe and effective professional and academic performance.
  • Ability to process, and respond to, the visual information required to provide safe professional and academic environments.
  • Ability to process visual information from art, artefacts, electronic displays, graphics, and handwritten and electronic documents.
  • Ability to set up and use discipline-specific equipment and respond to visual signals.
  • Ability to understand and apply visual information accurately and effectively in English and the language/s being studied.


Inherent requirement:Ability to interact with auditory inputs sufficiently to meet professional and academic performance requirements.
Rationale:Competent listening and comprehension skills are essential to provide professional and effective delivery of legal advice and assistance to clients.
  • Actively listen, and contribute, to professional and academic discussions.
  • Respond to verbalised instructions in a timely manner.
  • Capacity to acquire auditory information accurately and effectively in professional and academic settings.
  • Ability to understand and apply auditory information accurately and effectively in the language being studied.
Inherent requirement:Sustained physical, cognitive, and psychosocial performance sufficient for safe and complete performance in a time-constrained environment.
Rationale:Sufficient physical and mental endurance is an essential requirement needed to perform multiple tasks in varying periods of time, and legal practice requires both physical and mental performance at a consistent and sustained level.
  • Ability to sustain study performance to sufficiently engage with the learning workload for a 13-week and/or more intensive study period, and for the degree, within a timeframe.
  • Capacity to maintain consistency and quality of professional and academic performance, and complete all required tasks throughout a designated period of time.
  • Ability to perform multiple tasks in an assigned period to provide professional legal services.
Inherent requirement:Demonstrate behaviour that adapts to diverse and changing situations in professional and academic environments.
Rationale:Behavioural adaptability is required to work individually and in teams in changing and unpredictable environments. Students may be exposed to highly complex situations and are required to have behavioural adaptability to manage these events objectively and professionally.
  • Adjust ways of working within teams of varied personal and professional backgrounds and opinions to facilitate effective decision-making.
  • Ability to manage your own emotions and behaviour effectively when dealing with multiple and/or changing demands in a range of settings.
  • Maintain respectful communication practices in times of increased stressors or workloads, and be receptive and respond appropriately to constructive feedback.
  • Adjust to changing circumstances in a way that allows self-care while maintaining a high level of professionalism.
  • Ability to function and adapt effectively and sensitively in complex and time-sensitive situations.