Oceans drive the global climate system, house diverse ecosystems, provide food security and nutrition, and support numerous industries. Tropical marine and coastal ecosystems support essential fisheries and aquaculture production and host the greatest marine biodiversity on Earth.

  • Around one third of all known coral species across the Tropics are considered threatened
  • Mangrove area has increased across the tropics through regrowth and replanting programs, particularly in Africa and Asia.

Total area of mangrove forest

  • Wild fish catch in the Tropics has continued to increase despite peaking globally.
  • Aquaculture production has grown at a rapid rate in the Tropics and provides a sustainable opportunity for Tropical nations if managed well.

Aquaculture production - fish