JCU Connect’s Ethics team is responsible for ensuring that research involving animals or humans at James Cook University (JCU) is conducted ethically.
The team provides training and support for researchers to assist them to conduct their studies in accordance with relevant legislation, codes and guidelines.
JCU recognises the significant role played by animals in the progression of human knowledge. JCU uses animals only when their use is justified and when no alternatives are available.
Activities involving animals must only be conducted in in line with university policy, compliance with relevant legislation and after approval by the University’s Animal Ethics Committee (AEC). Such approvals are only issued if the potential benefits of the work are likely to outweigh the effects on the animals concerned.
The University upholds the principles of reduction, refinement and replacement. Ethical use, appropriate care and respect for animals involved are central to the University’s policy and procedure framework.
A clinical trial is a form of human research designed to find out the effects of an intervention, treatment or diagnostic procedure. It can involve testing a drug, a surgical, therapeutic or preventive procedure or a diagnostic device.
The Australian Code for the Responsible Conduct of Research guides institutions and researchers in responsible research practices. The code promotes integrity in research for researchers and shows how to:
Manage breaches of the Code and allegations of research misconduct
Manage research data and materials
Publish and disseminate research findings, including proper attribution of authorship
Conduct effective peer review
Manage conflicts of interest
It also explains the responsibilities and rights of researchers if they witness research misconduct.
Biodiscovery involves collecting samples of native biological materials (e.g. plants, animals and other organisms) to test for compounds that may have commercial applications (e.g. pharmaceuticals and insecticides).
The Australian Government has imposed export controls on defence, strategic goods and technologies in support of international efforts to stop the production of conventional, chemical, biological, and nuclear weapons and the systems that deliver them. The primary body managing these controls is the Defence Export Control Office (DECO).