Brainstorming is a crucial step in the essay-writing process as it helps generate ideas, organise thoughts, and identify key points to include in your essay. Here are some effective brainstorming techniques:
  • Set a timer (e.g., 5-10 minutes).
  • Write down everything that comes to mind about the topic without worrying about grammar or structure.
  • Explore different perspectives and angles related to the subject.

Mind Mapping:

  • Start with the main topic in the center of a page.
  • Branch out with related subtopics or ideas.
  • Connect and expand on each branch with more details or supporting points.


  • Create a list of words, phrases, or ideas related to the essay topic.
  • Expand on each item by jotting down additional thoughts or examples.
  • Prioritize the list based on relevance or importance.

Group Discussion:

  • Discuss the topic with peers or friends.
  • Share ideas, perspectives, and potential arguments.
  • Take note of different viewpoints and consider incorporating them into your essay.


  • List questions related to the topic.
  • Answer each question, and use those responses as the basis for your essay.
  • This helps in exploring various aspects of the subject.

Visual Aids:

  • Use visual aids like images, diagrams, or charts to represent ideas visually.
  • Explore associations and connections between different visual elements.

Reading and Research:

  • Read relevant articles, books, or other sources to gather information and ideas.
  • Take notes on key points, quotes, or examples that can be integrated into your essay.

Thematic Analysis:

  • Identify themes or recurring patterns related to the topic.
  • Explore how these themes can be developed into coherent arguments or sections of your essay.

Choose one or a combination of these brainstorming techniques based on your preferences and the nature of the essay topic. Remember, the goal is to generate a variety of ideas and perspectives that you can later organise into a coherent and well-structured essay.