Scrophularia, a medieval Latin word scrofula, referring to its supposed ability to cure scrofula (a form of TB). The roots of some species are said to resemble scrofulous tumours. Chiefly herbs, leaves may form a basal rosette or be variously arranged along the stem, usually opposite and simple. Flowers irregular, distinct calyx and corolla, calyx 4-5 usually persistent, corolla with 4-5 parts, variously fused; stamens usually 2-4. Carpels 2 rarely 3; fruit usually a 2-valved capsule, seeds numerous.