Pandanus is from pandang or pandan, the Malayan word for these plants. Monocotyledonous shrubs or trees and sometimes climbers; leaves usually long and narrow with basal flanges, margins prickly or scabrous. Flowers unisexual, subtended by spathe-like bracts, perianth absent, stamens many. Fruit compound, formed by the fusion of the individual drupes into a head, occasionally a berry.