Myrtus, this was the Greek name used by Dioscorides for the plant. Evergreen trees and shrubs with simple alternate or opposite leaves, occasionally whorled, oil glands present in most parts. Inflorescence various, basically cymose, perianth with distinct calyx and corolla but sometimes modified to form an operculum; hypanthium usually present. Stamens usually many, anthers dorsifixed; ovary usually inferior but sometimes superior; fruit dry dehiscent, seeds often winged, or fleshy and indehiscent.